Effects of Alcohol

Binge drinking and excessive alcohol use can affect every part of your life — your health, your friends, your family and your relationships. It can cause good friends to become people you no longer recognize, or would want to be friends with. It can cause good people to make serious mistakes they might regret for the rest of their lives.

"Alcohol affects every organ in the body"

Alcohol affects every organ in the body. It is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver by enzymes. But the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body. The more alcohol you consume, the more intense the effects11.

How much is too much?

drinking_patterns

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, binge drinking is a pattern of alcohol consumption that brings the blood alcohol content (BAC) level to 0.08% or more. This pattern of drinking usually means 5 or more drinks on a single occasion for men or 4 or more drinks on a single occasion for women, generally within about 2 hours. Heavy drinking is usually defined as consuming an average of more than 2 drinks per day for men, and an average of more than 1 drink per day for women11.

It’s also important to remember that every person reacts differently to alcohol. Your weight, gender, tolerance, metabolism and use of medication will all affect how your body handles alcohol.

Find more about the effects of alcohol

Don’t let excessive alcohol use get the best of one of your friends. Use this information to your advantage: